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Horyuji Temple

World Heritage/Nara

The Oldest Wooden Building in the World

Horyuji Tempe was established by Prince Shotoku Taishi(574-622)and Empress Suiko(544-628)in607 to show respect for the late Emperor Yomci.As the 31st emperor and Shotoku’s father,Emperor Yomci believed that building a Buddhist temple could help him recover from illness.this building the oldest wooden building in the world,was designated at a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage since in 1993.The temple precincts cover 187 million square meters.The temple can be roughly divided into two main groups of buildings.One is the Saiiin Gran(Western Precinct),established in the 7th century  and comprised of a series of the oldest wooden buildings  in the world.The other  is the Toin Garan (Eastern Precinct),established in the 8th century .The two precincts include at least 55 buildings specified as National Treasures or Important Cultural Assets.

In the Kondo Hall of the Saiin Gran,seberal statues have been enshrined,including a wooden sitting statue of Medicine Buddha(Bhaisajyaguru)and statues of the historical Buddha(Shakauamuni)with two attending Buddhas made in the 7th century. there is a canopy, on which heavenly beings and phoenixes are beautifully drawn, which dangles from the ceiling of the Kondo Hall.The wall paintings were restored in the 20th century and recreated on the walls of the hall.The five-story pagoda, 31.5-meter-wooden structure situated in the western side of the Kondo Hall, is the oldest pagoda of its kind in Japan.The two precincts are connected by a corridor, and the Daikodo Hall(a lecture hall)is connected to the gate of the middle of the corridor.Since there is a large art collection in the Saiin Garan,it is the best site to see.In addition, there are some other signtseeing spots of special note, such as Tamamushijinja Shrines statue of Kudara Kannon (a Buddha of compassion),and Kudara Kannon-do Hall of Daihozoin(the Great Treasure Gallery)in which national treasures made in the 7th century  are kept outside of the corridor.

Unlike the Saiin Grain,Toin Grain is comprised of a scries of building built in the 8th century.Ikaruga Palace,a former residence of Prince Shotoku Taishi,was situated here.The scenery takes visitors back to the time of Prince Shotoku Taishi Yumedono Hall in the center of the Toin Garden is the oldest octagonal hall in Japan,and it houses Buddhist stature that were placed in memory  of Prince Shotoku Taishi Of these statues, Kuse Kannon,an esoteric Buddhist statue, in particular, can be seen by the public twice a year at specified times in the spring and winter.Horyuji Temple is known as a treasure trove of Buddhist cultural assets because it has 2,300 items designated as National Treasures or Important Cultural Assets of Japan.It is possible to see some influence of art form China, the Korean peninsula, and even as far away as Greece.





Lens:Vrio-TessarT*E 16-70m F4 ZA OSS


にほんブログ村 写真ブログ 近畿風景写真へ

Published inWorld HeritageNara

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